The Wallace Foundation

November 2017

For decades, a debate has quietly simmered: What kind of benefits for youth can – and should – out-of-school-time programs produce? Academic gains? Enriching experiences? Safety and homework help? A new RAND publication based on a review of the evidence suggests an answer: out-of-school-time (OST) programs can generate all three kinds of benefits – depending on the type of programming that’s offered and its duration.